javax.portlet
Interface PortletRequest

All Known Subinterfaces:
ActionRequest, ClientDataRequest, EventRequest, RenderRequest, ResourceRequest
All Known Implementing Classes:
ActionRequestWrapper, EventRequestWrapper, PortletRequestWrapper, RenderRequestWrapper, ResourceRequestWrapper

public interface PortletRequest

The PortletRequest defines the base interface to provide client request information to a portlet. The portlet container uses two specialized versions of this interface when invoking a portlet, ActionRequest and RenderRequest. The portlet container creates these objects and passes them as arguments to the portlet's processAction and render methods.

See Also:
ActionRequest, RenderRequest

Nested Class Summary
static class PortletRequest.P3PUserInfos
          P3P user information constants.
 
Field Summary
static java.lang.String ACTION_PHASE
          String identifier for the portlet action lifecycle phase.
static java.lang.String ACTION_SCOPE_ID
          The action scope ID that the portlet container uses for storing the current action scope as render parameter if the javax.portlet.actionScopedRequestAttributes container runtime option is used by the portlet.
static java.lang.String BASIC_AUTH
          String identifier for Basic authentication.
static java.lang.String CCPP_PROFILE
          Used to retrieve an instance of the javax.ccpp.Profile with the getAttribute call.
static java.lang.String CLIENT_CERT_AUTH
          String identifier for Certification based authentication.
static java.lang.String DIGEST_AUTH
          String identifier for Digest based authentication.
static java.lang.String EVENT_PHASE
          String identifier for the portlet event lifecycle phase.
static java.lang.String FORM_AUTH
          String identifier for Form based authentication.
static java.lang.String LIFECYCLE_PHASE
          Provides the portlet lifecycle phase of the current request as request attribute.
static java.lang.String RENDER_HEADERS
          The RENDER_HEADERS is a possible value of the RENDER_PART request attribute and denotes that the portlet should set the intended headers and the portlet title of this render request.
static java.lang.String RENDER_MARKUP
          The RENDER_MARKUP is a possible value of the RENDER_PART request attribute and denotes that the portlet should produce its markup for this render request.
static java.lang.String RENDER_PART
          The RENDER_PART portlet request attribute is set by portals that are streaming based and therefore need to split the render phase into two parts: first the RENDER_HEADERS part where the portlet should only set the header related data and the portlet title, and second the RENDER_MARKUP part in which the portlet should produce its markup.
static java.lang.String RENDER_PHASE
          String identifier for the portlet render lifecycle phase.
static java.lang.String RESOURCE_PHASE
          String identifier for the portlet resource serving lifecycle phase.
static java.lang.String USER_INFO
          Used to retrieve user information attributes with the getAttribute call.
 
Method Summary
 java.lang.Object getAttribute(java.lang.String name)
          Returns the value of the named attribute as an Object, or null if no attribute of the given name exists.
 java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getAttributeNames()
          Returns an Enumeration containing the names of the attributes available to this request.
 java.lang.String getAuthType()
          Returns the name of the authentication scheme used for the connection between client and portal, for example, BASIC_AUTH, CLIENT_CERT_AUTH, a custom one or null if there was no authentication.
 java.lang.String getContextPath()
          Returns the context path which is the path prefix associated with the deployed portlet application.
 javax.servlet.http.Cookie[] getCookies()
          Returns an array containing all of the Cookie properties.
 java.util.Locale getLocale()
          Returns the preferred Locale in which the portal will accept content.
 java.util.Enumeration<java.util.Locale> getLocales()
          Returns an Enumeration of Locale objects indicating, in decreasing order starting with the preferred locale in which the portal will accept content for this request.
 java.lang.String getParameter(java.lang.String name)
          Returns the value of a request parameter as a String, or null if the parameter does not exist.
 java.util.Map<java.lang.String,java.lang.String[]> getParameterMap()
          Returns a Map of the parameters of this request.
 java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getParameterNames()
          Returns an Enumeration of String objects containing the names of the parameters contained in this request.
 java.lang.String[] getParameterValues(java.lang.String name)
          Returns an array of String objects containing all of the values the given request parameter has, or null if the parameter does not exist.
 PortalContext getPortalContext()
          Returns the context of the calling portal.
 PortletMode getPortletMode()
          Returns the current portlet mode of the portlet.
 PortletSession getPortletSession()
          Returns the current portlet session or, if there is no current session, creates one and returns the new session.
 PortletSession getPortletSession(boolean create)
          Returns the current portlet session or, if there is no current session and the given flag is true, creates one and returns the new session.
 PortletPreferences getPreferences()
          Returns the preferences object associated with the portlet.
 java.util.Map<java.lang.String,java.lang.String[]> getPrivateParameterMap()
          Returns a Map of the private parameters of this request.
 java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getProperties(java.lang.String name)
          Returns all the values of the specified request property as a Enumeration of String objects.
 java.lang.String getProperty(java.lang.String name)
          Returns the value of the specified request property as a String.
 java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getPropertyNames()
          Returns a Enumeration of all the property names this request contains.
 java.util.Map<java.lang.String,java.lang.String[]> getPublicParameterMap()
          Returns a Map of the public parameters of this request.
 java.lang.String getRemoteUser()
          Returns the login of the user making this request, if the user has been authenticated, or null if the user has not been authenticated.
 java.lang.String getRequestedSessionId()
          Returns the session ID indicated in the client request.
 java.lang.String getResponseContentType()
          Returns the portal preferred content type for the response.
 java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getResponseContentTypes()
          Gets a list of content types which the portal accepts for the response.
 java.lang.String getScheme()
          Returns the name of the scheme used to make this request.
 java.lang.String getServerName()
          Returns the host name of the server that received the request.
 int getServerPort()
          Returns the port number on which this request was received.
 java.security.Principal getUserPrincipal()
          Returns a java.security.Principal object containing the name of the current authenticated user.
 java.lang.String getWindowID()
          Returns the portlet window ID.
 WindowState getWindowState()
          Returns the current window state of the portlet.
 boolean isPortletModeAllowed(PortletMode mode)
          Returns true, if the given portlet mode is a valid one to set for this portlet in the context of the current request.
 boolean isRequestedSessionIdValid()
          Checks whether the requested session ID is still valid.
 boolean isSecure()
          Returns a boolean indicating whether this request was made using a secure channel between client and the portal, such as HTTPS.
 boolean isUserInRole(java.lang.String role)
          Returns a boolean indicating whether the authenticated user is included in the specified logical "role".
 boolean isWindowStateAllowed(WindowState state)
          Returns true, if the given window state is valid to be set for this portlet in the context of the current request.
 void removeAttribute(java.lang.String name)
          Removes an attribute from this request.
 void setAttribute(java.lang.String name, java.lang.Object o)
          Stores an attribute in this request.
 

Field Detail

USER_INFO

static final java.lang.String USER_INFO
Used to retrieve user information attributes with the getAttribute call. The user information is returned as a Map object. The portlet must define the user information attribute it is interested in inside the user-attribute section of the deployment descriptor. If an attribute is not supported by the current runtime system it will not show up in the user attribute map.
If the user-attribute is supported by the runtime system, but not defined for a particular user, then for that user the attribute exists in the returned map and the attribute has a null value.

If the user-attribute is not defined for the current user it will not show up in the Map.

The value is javax.portlet.userinfo.

See Also:
Constant Field Values

CCPP_PROFILE

static final java.lang.String CCPP_PROFILE
Used to retrieve an instance of the javax.ccpp.Profile with the getAttribute call. The returned profile is based on the current portlet request and may contain additional CC/PP information set by the portal / portlet container.

The value is javax.portlet.ccpp.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

BASIC_AUTH

static final java.lang.String BASIC_AUTH
String identifier for Basic authentication. Value "BASIC".

See Also:
Constant Field Values

FORM_AUTH

static final java.lang.String FORM_AUTH
String identifier for Form based authentication. Value "FORM".

See Also:
Constant Field Values

CLIENT_CERT_AUTH

static final java.lang.String CLIENT_CERT_AUTH
String identifier for Certification based authentication. Value "CLIENT_CERT".

See Also:
Constant Field Values

DIGEST_AUTH

static final java.lang.String DIGEST_AUTH
String identifier for Digest based authentication. Value "DIGEST".

See Also:
Constant Field Values

ACTION_PHASE

static final java.lang.String ACTION_PHASE
String identifier for the portlet action lifecycle phase. In this phase the portlet request and response are from type ActionRequest and ActionResponse.

The value of the constant is ACTION_PHASE.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

EVENT_PHASE

static final java.lang.String EVENT_PHASE
String identifier for the portlet event lifecycle phase. In this phase the portlet request and response are from type EventRequest and EventResponse.

The value of the constant is EVENT_PHASE.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

RENDER_PHASE

static final java.lang.String RENDER_PHASE
String identifier for the portlet render lifecycle phase. In this phase the portlet request and response are from type RenderRequest and RenderResponse.

The value of the constant is RENDER_PHASE.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

RESOURCE_PHASE

static final java.lang.String RESOURCE_PHASE
String identifier for the portlet resource serving lifecycle phase. In this phase the portlet request and response are from type ResourceRequest and ResourceResponse.

The value of the constant is RESOURCE_PHASE.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

LIFECYCLE_PHASE

static final java.lang.String LIFECYCLE_PHASE
Provides the portlet lifecycle phase of the current request as request attribute.

Valid values are: ACTION_PHASE, EVENT_PHASE, RENDER_PHASE, RESOURCE_SERVING_PHASE.

The value of the constant is javax.portlet.lifecylce_phase.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

RENDER_PART

static final java.lang.String RENDER_PART
The RENDER_PART portlet request attribute is set by portals that are streaming based and therefore need to split the render phase into two parts: first the RENDER_HEADERS part where the portlet should only set the header related data and the portlet title, and second the RENDER_MARKUP part in which the portlet should produce its markup.

Non-streaming portals will not set this attribute and thus the portlet should set headers, portlet title and produce its markup in a single render request.

The value of the constant is javax.portlet.render_part.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

RENDER_HEADERS

static final java.lang.String RENDER_HEADERS
The RENDER_HEADERS is a possible value of the RENDER_PART request attribute and denotes that the portlet should set the intended headers and the portlet title of this render request.

The value of the constant is RENDER_HEADERS.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

RENDER_MARKUP

static final java.lang.String RENDER_MARKUP
The RENDER_MARKUP is a possible value of the RENDER_PART request attribute and denotes that the portlet should produce its markup for this render request.

The value of the constant is RENDER_MARKUP.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values

ACTION_SCOPE_ID

static final java.lang.String ACTION_SCOPE_ID
The action scope ID that the portlet container uses for storing the current action scope as render parameter if the javax.portlet.actionScopedRequestAttributes container runtime option is used by the portlet.

The value is javax.portlet.as.

Since:
2.0
See Also:
Constant Field Values
Method Detail

isWindowStateAllowed

boolean isWindowStateAllowed(WindowState state)
Returns true, if the given window state is valid to be set for this portlet in the context of the current request.

Parameters:
state - window state to checked
Returns:
true, if it is valid for this portlet in this request to change to the given window state

isPortletModeAllowed

boolean isPortletModeAllowed(PortletMode mode)
Returns true, if the given portlet mode is a valid one to set for this portlet in the context of the current request.

Parameters:
mode - portlet mode to check
Returns:
true, if it is valid for this portlet in this request to change to the given portlet mode

getPortletMode

PortletMode getPortletMode()
Returns the current portlet mode of the portlet.

Returns:
the portlet mode

getWindowState

WindowState getWindowState()
Returns the current window state of the portlet.

Returns:
the window state

getPreferences

PortletPreferences getPreferences()
Returns the preferences object associated with the portlet.

Returns:
the portlet preferences

getPortletSession

PortletSession getPortletSession()
Returns the current portlet session or, if there is no current session, creates one and returns the new session.

Creating a new portlet session will result in creating a new HttpSession on which the portlet session is based on.

Returns:
the portlet session

getPortletSession

PortletSession getPortletSession(boolean create)
Returns the current portlet session or, if there is no current session and the given flag is true, creates one and returns the new session.

If the given flag is false and there is no current portlet session, this method returns null.

Creating a new portlet session will result in creating a new HttpSession on which the portlet session is based on.

Parameters:
create - true to create a new session,
false to return null if there is no current session
Returns:
the portlet session

getProperty

java.lang.String getProperty(java.lang.String name)
Returns the value of the specified request property as a String. If the request did not include a property of the specified name, this method returns null.

A portlet can access portal/portlet-container specific properties through this method and, if available, the headers of the HTTP client request.

This method should only be used if the property has only one value. If the property might have more than one value, use getProperties(java.lang.String).

If this method is used with a multivalued parameter, the value returned is equal to the first value in the Enumeration returned by getProperties.

Parameters:
name - a String specifying the property name
Returns:
a String containing the value of the requested property, or null if the request does not have a property of that name.
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.

getProperties

java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getProperties(java.lang.String name)
Returns all the values of the specified request property as a Enumeration of String objects.

If the request did not include any properties of the specified name, this method returns an empty Enumeration. The property name is case insensitive. You can use this method with any request property.

Parameters:
name - a String specifying the property name
Returns:
a Enumeration containing the values of the requested property. If the request does not have any properties of that name return an empty Enumeration.
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.

getPropertyNames

java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getPropertyNames()
Returns a Enumeration of all the property names this request contains. If the request has no properties, this method returns an empty Enumeration.

Returns:
an Enumeration of all the property names sent with this request; if the request has no properties, an empty Enumeration.

getPortalContext

PortalContext getPortalContext()
Returns the context of the calling portal.

Returns:
the context of the calling portal

getAuthType

java.lang.String getAuthType()
Returns the name of the authentication scheme used for the connection between client and portal, for example, BASIC_AUTH, CLIENT_CERT_AUTH, a custom one or null if there was no authentication.

Returns:
one of the static members BASIC_AUTH, FORM_AUTH, CLIENT_CERT_AUTH, DIGEST_AUTH (suitable for == comparison) indicating the authentication scheme, a custom one, or null if the request was not authenticated.

getContextPath

java.lang.String getContextPath()
Returns the context path which is the path prefix associated with the deployed portlet application. If the portlet application is rooted at the base of the web server URL namespace (also known as "default" context), this path must be an empty string. Otherwise, it must be the path the portlet application is rooted to, the path must start with a '/' and it must not end with a '/' character.

To encode a URL the PortletResponse.encodeURL(java.lang.String) method must be used.

Returns:
a String specifying the portion of the request URL that indicates the context of the request
See Also:
PortletResponse.encodeURL(java.lang.String)

getRemoteUser

java.lang.String getRemoteUser()
Returns the login of the user making this request, if the user has been authenticated, or null if the user has not been authenticated.

Returns:
a String specifying the login of the user making this request, or null if the user login is not known.

getUserPrincipal

java.security.Principal getUserPrincipal()
Returns a java.security.Principal object containing the name of the current authenticated user.

Returns:
a java.security.Principal containing the name of the user making this request, or null if the user has not been authenticated.

isUserInRole

boolean isUserInRole(java.lang.String role)
Returns a boolean indicating whether the authenticated user is included in the specified logical "role". Roles and role membership can be defined using deployment descriptors. If the user has not been authenticated, the method returns false.

Parameters:
role - a String specifying the name of the role
Returns:
a boolean indicating whether the user making this request belongs to a given role; false if the user has not been authenticated.

getAttribute

java.lang.Object getAttribute(java.lang.String name)
Returns the value of the named attribute as an Object, or null if no attribute of the given name exists.

Attribute names should follow the same conventions as package names. This specification reserves names matching java.*, and javax.*.

In a distributed portlet web application the Object needs to be serializable.

Parameters:
name - a String specifying the name of the attribute
Returns:
an Object containing the value of the attribute, or null if the attribute does not exist.
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.

getAttributeNames

java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getAttributeNames()
Returns an Enumeration containing the names of the attributes available to this request. This method returns an empty Enumeration if the request has no attributes available to it.

Returns:
an Enumeration of strings containing the names of the request attributes, or an empty Enumeration if the request has no attributes available to it.

getParameter

java.lang.String getParameter(java.lang.String name)
Returns the value of a request parameter as a String, or null if the parameter does not exist. Request parameters are extra information sent with the request. The returned parameter are "x-www-form-urlencoded" decoded.

Only parameters targeted to the current portlet are accessible.

This method should only be used if the parameter has only one value. If the parameter might have more than one value, use getParameterValues(java.lang.String).

If this method is used with a multivalued parameter, the value returned is equal to the first value in the array returned by getParameterValues.

Parameters:
name - a String specifying the name of the parameter
Returns:
a String representing the single value of the parameter
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.
See Also:
getParameterValues(java.lang.String)

getParameterNames

java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getParameterNames()
Returns an Enumeration of String objects containing the names of the parameters contained in this request. If the request has no parameters, the method returns an empty Enumeration.

Only parameters targeted to the current portlet are returned.

Returns:
an Enumeration of String objects, each String containing the name of a request parameter; or an empty Enumeration if the request has no parameters.

getParameterValues

java.lang.String[] getParameterValues(java.lang.String name)
Returns an array of String objects containing all of the values the given request parameter has, or null if the parameter does not exist. The returned parameters are "x-www-form-urlencoded" decoded.

If the parameter has a single value, the array has a length of 1.

Parameters:
name - a String containing the name of the parameter the value of which is requested
Returns:
an array of String objects containing the parameter values.
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.
See Also:
getParameter(java.lang.String)

getParameterMap

java.util.Map<java.lang.String,java.lang.String[]> getParameterMap()
Returns a Map of the parameters of this request. Request parameters are extra information sent with the request. The returned parameters are "x-www-form-urlencoded" decoded.

The values in the returned Map are from type String array (String[]).

If no parameters exist this method returns an empty Map.

Returns:
an immutable Map containing parameter names as keys and parameter values as map values, or an empty Map if no parameters exist. The keys in the parameter map are of type String. The values in the parameter map are of type String array (String[]).

isSecure

boolean isSecure()
Returns a boolean indicating whether this request was made using a secure channel between client and the portal, such as HTTPS.

Returns:
true, if the request was made using a secure channel.

setAttribute

void setAttribute(java.lang.String name,
                  java.lang.Object o)
Stores an attribute in this request.

Attribute names should follow the same conventions as package names. Names beginning with java.*, javax.*, and com.sun.* are reserved.
If the value passed into this method is null, the effect is the same as calling removeAttribute(java.lang.String).

Parameters:
name - a String specifying the name of the attribute
o - the Object to be stored
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.

removeAttribute

void removeAttribute(java.lang.String name)
Removes an attribute from this request. This method is not generally needed, as attributes only persist as long as the request is being handled.

Attribute names should follow the same conventions as package names. Names beginning with java.*, javax.*, and com.sun.* are reserved.

Parameters:
name - a String specifying the name of the attribute to be removed
Throws:
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException - if name is null.

getRequestedSessionId

java.lang.String getRequestedSessionId()
Returns the session ID indicated in the client request. This session ID may not be a valid one, it may be an old one that has expired or has been invalidated. If the client request did not specify a session ID, this method returns null.

Returns:
a String specifying the session ID, or null if the request did not specify a session ID
See Also:
isRequestedSessionIdValid()

isRequestedSessionIdValid

boolean isRequestedSessionIdValid()
Checks whether the requested session ID is still valid.

Returns:
true if this request has an id for a valid session in the current session context; false otherwise
See Also:
getRequestedSessionId(), getPortletSession()

getResponseContentType

java.lang.String getResponseContentType()
Returns the portal preferred content type for the response.

The following restrictions apply:

Returns:
preferred MIME type of the response

getResponseContentTypes

java.util.Enumeration<java.lang.String> getResponseContentTypes()
Gets a list of content types which the portal accepts for the response. This list is ordered with the most preferable types listed first.

The following restrictions apply:

Returns:
ordered list of MIME types for the response

getLocale

java.util.Locale getLocale()
Returns the preferred Locale in which the portal will accept content. The Locale may be based on the Accept-Language header of the client.

Returns:
the preferred Locale in which the portal will accept content.

getLocales

java.util.Enumeration<java.util.Locale> getLocales()
Returns an Enumeration of Locale objects indicating, in decreasing order starting with the preferred locale in which the portal will accept content for this request. The Locales may be based on the Accept-Language header of the client.

Returns:
an Enumeration of Locales, in decreasing order, in which the portal will accept content for this request

getScheme

java.lang.String getScheme()
Returns the name of the scheme used to make this request. For example, http, https, or ftp. Different schemes have different rules for constructing URLs, as noted in RFC 1738.

Returns:
a String containing the name of the scheme used to make this request

getServerName

java.lang.String getServerName()
Returns the host name of the server that received the request.

Returns:
a String containing the name of the server to which the request was sent

getServerPort

int getServerPort()
Returns the port number on which this request was received.

Returns:
an integer specifying the port number

getWindowID

java.lang.String getWindowID()
Returns the portlet window ID. The portlet window ID is unique for this portlet window and is constant for the lifetime of the portlet window.

This ID is the same that is used by the portlet container for scoping the portlet-scope session attributes.

Returns:
the portlet window ID
Since:
2.0

getCookies

javax.servlet.http.Cookie[] getCookies()
Returns an array containing all of the Cookie properties.

This method returns null if no cookies exist.

Returns:
array of cookie properties, or null if no cookies exist.
Since:
2.0
See Also:
PortletResponse.addProperty(Cookie)

getPrivateParameterMap

java.util.Map<java.lang.String,java.lang.String[]> getPrivateParameterMap()
Returns a Map of the private parameters of this request. Private parameters are not shared with other portlets or components. The returned parameters are "x-www-form-urlencoded" decoded.

The values in the returned Map are from type String array (String[]).

If no private parameters exist this method returns an empty Map.

Returns:
an immutable Map containing private parameter names as keys and private parameter values as map values, or an empty Map if no private parameters exist. The keys in the parameter map are of type String. The values in the parameter map are of type String array (String[]).
Since:
2.0

getPublicParameterMap

java.util.Map<java.lang.String,java.lang.String[]> getPublicParameterMap()
Returns a Map of the public parameters of this request. Public parameters may be shared with other portlets or components and defined in the portlet deployment descriptor with the supported-public-render-parameter element. The returned parameters are "x-www-form-urlencoded" decoded.

The values in the returned Map are from type String array (String[]).

If no public parameters exist this method returns an empty Map.

Returns:
an immutable Map containing public parameter names as keys and public parameter values as map values, or an empty Map if no public parameters exist. The keys in the parameter map are of type String. The values in the parameter map are of type String array (String[]).
Since:
2.0


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